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IL-38 Alleviates the Inflammatory Response and the Degeneration of Nucleus Pulposus Cells via Inhibition of the NF-κB Signaling Pathway in Vitro

Dies ist ein automatisch übersetzter Artikel. Er kann nur einer groben Orientierung dienen. Das Original gibt es hier: pubmed: psoriasis

Previous studies have suggested that the inflammatory response contributes to the onset of intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD). Interleukin (IL)-38, a newly discovered cytokine of the IL-1 family, has been demonstrated to play an anti-inflammatory role in autoimmune diseases, such as Crohn’s disease, rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis. However, whether IL-38 participates in the pathogenesis of IVDD remains unknown. In this study, human disc tissues from IVDD patients and rat disc tissues from an IVDD model were collected to measure the expression of IL-38 in the IVDD groups and the control groups by western blot and immunohistochemical staining. To further determine the role of IL-38 in IVDD, human nucleus pulposus cells (HNPCs) were stimulated with TNF-α to generate an in vitro model of inflammation to mimic the local inflammatory environment of the lumbar disc. The inflammatory response and HNPC degeneration markers were measured after stimulation with TNF-α and IL-38. IL-38 was upregulated in both the human and rat degenerated disc tissues compared with the control tissues. In vitro, IL-38 significantly decreased the TNF-α-induced expression of IL-1β, IL-6, COX-2, MMP-13 and ADAMTS-5 in the HNPCs, and IL-38 also alleviated the TNF-α-induced reductions in type II collagen and aggrecan. Moreover, IL-38 inhibited the activation of the NF-κB signaling pathway in the HNPC-based model of inflammation by reducing the expression level of the NF-κB P-P65 protein. In conclusion, IL-38 could alleviate the inflammatory response and HNPC degeneration in vitro via the inhibition of the NF-κB signaling pathway. These results suggest that IL-38 may be a new strategy for the treatment of IVDD.


Keywords:

IL-38; Inflammatory response; Intervertebral disc degeneration; NF-κB signaling pathway; TNF-α.

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